Original author(s)/creator(s) Rockstar Games
Developers RAGE Technology Group at Rockstar San Diego
Initial release 2006
Operating system Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Wii, Xbox 360, Xbox One
Type Game engine
License Proprietary

Rockstar Advanced Game Engine (RAGE) is a game engine developed by the RAGE Technology Group at the video game developer Rockstar San Diego with contributions by other Rockstar studios. The engine has been used on several different platforms such as Microsoft Windows, Nintendo Wii, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360 and the Xbox One. RAGE initially evolved from the Angel Game Engine originally developed by Angel Studios for use in the sixth generation console era versions of the Midnight Club series and other Rockstar San Diego games.[1]

Rockstar has integrated a few third party middleware components into RAGE like the proprietary Euphoria[2] character animation engine and the open source Bullet[3] physics engine. Prior to RAGE, Rockstar mostly used Criterion Games' RenderWare engine to develop various game titles, including the PlayStation 2, Xbox, and Microsoft Windows installments of the Grand Theft Auto franchise.[4] Since the release of Max Payne 3, the engine supports DirectX 11 and stereoscopic 3D rendering on the PC platform.[5]

File:RAGE Technology Group logo.svg

Games using RAGE

Title Release
Platform(s) Developer(s)
Rockstar Games Presents Table Tennis


Wii, Xbox 360 Rockstar San Diego
Grand Theft Auto IV


2008 Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar North, Rockstar Toronto (PC)
Midnight Club: Los Angeles


PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar San Diego
Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City
(The Lost and Damned, The Ballad of Gay Tony)
Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar North, Rockstar Toronto (PC)
Red Dead Redemption


2010 PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 Rockstar San Diego, Rockstar North
Red Dead Redemption: Undead Nightmare
Max Payne 3


2012 Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, OS XTemplate:Efn Rockstar Vancouver, Rockstar Studios
Grand Theft Auto V


Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One Rockstar North




  1. Rockstar explains the tech behind GTA4. 1UP.
  2. NaturalMotion and Rockstar Games, Inc. Announce Development Partnership, NaturalMotion Press Release. Euphoria. NaturalMotion (February 27, 2007). Retrieved on January 5, 2009.
  3. AAA Titles using Bullet. Bullet physics engine. Erwin Coumans (January 5, 2009). Retrieved on January 5, 2009. “We are allowed to mention that some parts of Bullet have been co-developed and optimized with Rockstar and merged into their Rage game engine, used on Xbox 360, Microsoft Windows and PlayStation 3 in Midnight Club: Los Angeles and Grand Theft Auto 4.”
  4. We spend an hour with the biggest PSP game around!. Ziff Davis (September 12, 2005). Retrieved on April 10, 2007. “[O]ne of the more interesting notes about Liberty City Stories' technology is that this is the first time since the series has gone 3D that there's a GTA game not built using Renderware. Instead, the LCS engine has been built by Rockstar Leeds and Rockstar North.”
  5. Max Payne 3 PC supports DirectX 11, 3D. Eurogamer (March 22, 2012). Retrieved on March 25, 2012.
  6. Totilo, Stephen (May 4, 2006). The First Rule Of Ping-Pong Club: Talk About Rockstar's Table Tennis Game. MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved on April 10, 2007. “The Rockstar reps explained that the game [Table Tennis] was running on RAGE, the Rockstar Advanced Game Engine. This is the graphics technology gamers are to expect from future Rockstar games, including the next "GTA."”
  7. Thorsen, Tor (June 15, 2006). Grand Theft Auto IV powered by Table Tennis engine?. GameSpot. CNET. Retrieved on April 10, 2007.
  8. Midnight Club: Los Angeles Preview. IGN.
  9. Bramwell, Tom (February 4, 2009). Rockstar unveils Red Dead Redemption. Eurogamer. Retrieved on February 4, 2009.
  10. Bramwell, Tom (June 10, 2009). Balding Max Payne 3 sighted. Eurogamer. Retrieved on June 10, 2009.
  11. Rockstar Game Tips: Learn from the Max Payne 3 Leaderboard Legends. Rockstar Games (October 11, 2012). Retrieved on October 11, 2012. “Max Payne 3 does use RAGE, and we're also using it for GTAV.”

External links

Template:Rockstar Games Template:Take-Two Interactive Template:Video game engines

Template:RockstarGames-stub Template:Videogame-software-stub

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